Dmitry Matveev is a Senior Economist in the Monetary Policy and Financial Studies Division of the Canadian Economic Analysis Department. His research interests include Macroeconomics, Monetary Economics, and Monetary and Fiscal policy. Dmitry has previous experience working as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Mannheim University, Germany. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Universitàt Autonòma de Barcelona.
Motivated by the observation that survey expectations of stock returns are inconsistent with rational return expectations under real-world probabilities, we investigate whether alternative expectations hypotheses entertained in the literature on asset pricing are consistent with the survey evidence.
This paper studies optimal discretionary monetary and fiscal policy when the lower bound on nominal interest rates is occasionally binding in a model with nominal rigidities and long-term government debt. At the lower bound it is optimal for the government to temporarily reduce debt.