Latest Publications

April 6, 2020

Business Outlook Survey—Spring 2020

Results from the spring Business Outlook Survey suggest that business sentiment had softened in most regions even before concerns around COVID‑19 intensified in Canada. Confidence deteriorated the most among firms in energy-producing regions.
April 6, 2020

Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations—First Quarter of 2020

The Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations (CSCE) focuses on respondents’ views on inflation, the labour market and household finances. The survey for the first quarter of 2020 was conducted between January 29 and February 19, 2020. Results were therefore obtained before COVID‑19 became a major concern for Canadians and affected their outlook. This is the second quarterly publication of the results of the CSCE. Data collection began in the fourth quarter of 2014.
March 6, 2020

Under the Microscope

Evaluating our approach to monetary policy
January 22, 2020

Monetary Policy Report – January 2020

The Bank projects that growth in the Canadian economy will accelerate from 1.6 percent this year to 2 percent in 2021.
January 13, 2020

Business Outlook Survey—Winter 2019–20

Results from the winter Business Outlook Survey suggest that business sentiment is broadly positive except in the Prairies, where indicators remain weak. In aggregate, firms’ outlook is supported by expectations of healthy domestic and foreign sales.

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Do Oil Price Increases Cause Higher Food Prices?

U.S. retail food price increases in recent years may seem large in nominal terms, but after adjusting for inflation have been quite modest even after the change in U.S. biofuel policies in 2006. In contrast, increases in the real prices of corn, soybeans, wheat and rice received by U.S. farmers have been more substantial and can be linked in part to increases in the real price of oil.

Annual Reports and Quarterly Financial Reports

The Bank of Canada’s Annual Report, including audited financial statements, and the Bank of Canada's Quarterly Financial Reports.

The Economy, Plain and Simple

Explaining economic issues that matter to you.

Monetary Policy Report

A quarterly report of the Bank of Canada’s Governing Council, presenting the Bank’s base-case projection for inflation and growth in the Canadian economy, and its assessment of risks.

Business Outlook Survey

A quarterly summary of interviews conducted by the Bank's regional offices with the senior management of about 100 firms.

Financial System Hub

Promoting a stable and efficient financial system. Includes the Financial System Review (FSR).

Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations

A quarterly survey aimed at measuring household views of inflation, the labour market and household finances as well as topical issues of interest to the Bank of Canada.

Senior Loan Officer Survey

A quarterly survey of business-lending practices of major Canadian financial institutions.


Definitions of terms from various fields, including economics, finance and currency.

Books and Monographs

Diverse publications related to the Bank and its activities.