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October 19, 2020

Business Outlook Survey—Autumn 2020

With many containment measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic being lifted, results from the autumn Business Outlook Survey suggest that business sentiment has improved but remains weak across all regions. Businesses expect the pace of the recovery in their sales to slow.
October 19, 2020

Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations—Third Quarter of 2020

The Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations (CSCE) collects respondents’ views on inflation, the labour market and household finances. The survey for the third quarter of 2020 was conducted from August 17 to September 1, 2020. Reported COVID‑19 cases have risen in some provinces since the survey was conducted. The survey included questions, introduced in the previous quarter, on the impacts of COVID‑19 and the measures to contain its spread, along with new questions on how the pandemic is affecting households’ savings.
August 25, 2020

Our COVID-19 response: Large-scale asset purchases

The Bank of Canada has taken many actions to support Canadians since the COVID-19 pandemic struck. These include large-scale asset purchases—buying a substantial amount of government bonds and other financial assets. Our purchases serve two purposes. They help key financial markets work properly, and they can help increase spending in the economy. This leads to more employment and stronger economic growth.

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Do Oil Price Increases Cause Higher Food Prices?

U.S. retail food price increases in recent years may seem large in nominal terms, but after adjusting for inflation have been quite modest even after the change in U.S. biofuel policies in 2006. In contrast, increases in the real prices of corn, soybeans, wheat and rice received by U.S. farmers have been more substantial and can be linked in part to increases in the real price of oil.

Annual Reports and Quarterly Financial Reports

The Bank of Canada’s Annual Report, including audited financial statements, and the Bank of Canada's Quarterly Financial Reports.

The Economy, Plain and Simple

Explaining economic issues that matter to you.

Monetary Policy Report

A quarterly report of the Bank of Canada’s Governing Council, presenting the Bank’s base-case projection for inflation and growth in the Canadian economy, and its assessment of risks.

Business Outlook Survey

A quarterly summary of interviews conducted by the Bank's regional offices with the senior management of about 100 firms.

Financial System Hub

Promoting a stable and efficient financial system. Includes the Financial System Review (FSR).

Canadian Survey of Consumer Expectations

A quarterly survey aimed at measuring household views of inflation, the labour market and household finances as well as topical issues of interest to the Bank of Canada.

Senior Loan Officer Survey

A quarterly survey of business-lending practices of major Canadian financial institutions.


Definitions of terms from various fields, including economics, finance and currency.

Books and Monographs

Diverse publications related to the Bank and its activities.