Jean-Philippe Cayen is the Director of the Projection Division in the Canadian Economic Analysis Department. In this capacity, he oversees the Bank’s economic analysis and forecasts of the Canadian economy. His primary interests include economic forecasting and business cycles analysis. Jean-Philippe obtained his Masters in Applied Economics from the HEC Montréal.
We use a novel approach to identify economic developments that drive exchange rates in the long run. Using a panel of six quarterly U.S. bilateral real exchange rates – Australia, Canada, the euro, Japan, New Zealand and the United Kingdom – over the 1980-2007 period, a dynamic factor model points to two common factors.
The workhorse DSGE model used for monetary policy evaluation is designed to capture business cycle fluctuations in an optimization-based format. It is commonplace to log-linearize models and express them with variables in deviation-from-steady-state format.
In this paper, we measure, with Canadian data, the scope of the revisions to real-time estimates of the output gap generated with several univariate and multivariate techniques. We also make an empirical evaluation of the usefulness of the output gap estimates for predicting inflation.