Stephanie Houle is a Senior Economist in the Canadian Economic Analysis Department. Her research interests include the Digital Economy, Firm Dynamics, applications of Machine Learning to Economics, and International Trade and Finance. Stephanie holds a PhD in Economics from McMaster University.

Staff analytical notes

Overlooking the online world: Does mismeasurement of the digital economy explain the productivity slowdown?

Staff Analytical Note 2021-10 Alejandra Bellatin, Stephanie Houle
Since the mid-2000s, labour productivity has slowed down in Canada despite enormous technological advances that were expected to improve it. This note investigates whether mismeasurement of the digital economy can explain this paradox.
Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff analytical notes Topic(s): Productivity JEL Code(s): E, E0, E01, L, L8, L86, O, O3, O33, O4, O5, O51

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Staff discussion papers

Turning Words into Numbers: Measuring News Media Coverage of Shortages

Staff Discussion Paper 2023-8 Lin Chen, Stephanie Houle
We develop high-frequency, news-based indicators using natural language processing methods to analyze news media texts. Our indicators track both supply (raw, intermediate and final goods) and labour shortages over time. They also provide weekly time-varying topic narratives about various types of shortages.

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Journal publications

Published papers

  • "The Curious Incident of Luxury Imports during the Top-Income Surge," joint work with Michael Veall and Pau Pujolas. Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(2), pages 1479-1487. 2019.


Working papers

  • "An application of machine learning to identify nascent high-growth firms," joint work with Ryan Macdonald. Forthcoming. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada.
  • "Entry, Survival and Performance of Businesses by Gender of Ownership," joint work with Lydia Couture. Forthcoming. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada.
  • "Do Investment Agreements Necessarily Cause Offshoring? The Canada-Peru Case," Department of Economics Working Papers 2018-08, McMaster University. 2018.