Eric Santor was appointed Advisor to the Governor on Digitalization effective March 11, 2019. In this role, he leads the Bank’s digitalization work, including research into the impact of digitalization on the economy and financial system. Mr. Santor also leads the initiative to incorporate technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning as well as big data into the Bank’s operations. This involves leveraging programs such as Partnerships in Innovation and Technology (PIVOT) and the Bank’s relationship with the Creative Destruction Lab.
Mr. Santor joined the Bank in 2001 as an economist in the former Monetary and Financial Analysis Department. He moved to the International Economic Analysis Department in 2003, where he assumed increasing responsibilities until becoming Managing Director in 2013. Before his appointment as Advisor to the Governor on Digitalization, Mr. Santor served as Managing Director of the Bank’s Canadian Economic Analysis Department.
Mr. Santor’s research has focused on issues relating to the incidence and effects of unconventional monetary policy, the international monetary system and global financial architecture, and the impact of ownership structure on Canadian firms.
Mr. Santor was born in London, Ontario. He completed his BA in History and Political Science at Huron College, University of Western Ontario, and his PhD in Economics at the University of Toronto.
Central banks can implement unconventional monetary policy measures to provide additional easing when policy interest rates come close to their lower limit. To date, the international experience with tools such as quantitative easing and negative interest rates has been largely positive. Central banks may also use several such measures simultaneously, with often mutually reinforcing effects. Yet, unconventional tools are also subject to potential limits, and the costs associated with these measures could rise with extensive and prolonged use.
This paper summarizes the international evidence on the performance of quantitative easing (QE) as a monetary policy tool when conventional policy rates are constrained by the effective lower bound (ELB). A large body of evidence suggests that expanding the central bank’s balance sheet through large-scale asset purchases can provide effective stimulus under the ELB.
Prices of commodities, including metals, energy and agricultural products, rose markedly over the 2009–2010 period. Some observers have attributed a significant part of this increase in commodity prices to the U.S. Federal Reserve’s large-scale asset purchase (LSAP) programs.
The Latin American debt crises in the 1980s and the Asian crisis in the late 1990s both provided impetus for reforming the framework for restructuring sovereign debt. In the late 1980s, the Brady plan established the importance of substantive debt relief in addressing some crises.
"Does the Microfinance Lending Model Actually Work?" (with Rafael Gomez), Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relation, Volume IX, No. 2 Summer/Fall 2008.
"Foreign Asset Risk Exposure, DOI, and Performance: An Analysis of Canadian Banks" (with Walid Hejazi), Journal of International Business Studies, forthcoming.
"Migration, Social Networks and Credit: Empirical Evidence from Peru" (with Sonia Laszlo), The Developing Economies, forthcoming.
"Renewing IMF Surveillance: Transparency, Accountability and Independance" (with Robert Lavigne and Philipp Maier), Review of International Organizations, March 2009, 4: 1.
"Family Values: Ownership Structure, Performance and Capital Structure of Canadian Firms", (with Michael R. King), Journal of Banking and Finance, 2008, 32: 11, p. 2423-2432.
"Financial Constraints and Investment: Assessing the Impact of a World Bank Loan Program on Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Sri Lanka" (with Varouj Aivazian), Canadian Journal of Economics, 2008, 41: 2, p. 475-500.
"Membership has its privileges: the effect of social capital and neighborhood characteristics on the earnings of microfinance borrowers," (with Rafael Gomez), Canadian Journal of Economics, 2001, 34: 4, 943-966