Xu Zhang is a Senior Economist in the Financial Markets Department at the Bank of Canada. She is a macroeconomist whose primary research focuses on the intersection of macroeconomics and finance, both theoretical and empirical. She looks at how central bank monetary policy affects financial market participants - households and financial intermediaries - and shed new light on underlying economic mechanisms linking financial markets with the real economy.

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Staff working papers

More Than Words: Fed Chairs’ Communication During Congressional Testimonies

Staff Working Paper 2022-20 Michelle Alexopoulos, Xinfen Han, Oleksiy Kryvtsov, Xu Zhang
We measure soft information contained in the congressional testimonies of U.S. Federal Reserve Chairs and analyze its effect on financial markets. Increases in the Chair’s text-, voice-, or face-emotion indices during these testimonies generally raise stock prices and lower their volatility.

Evaluating the Effects of Forward Guidance and Large-scale Asset Purchases

Staff Working Paper 2021-54 Xu Zhang
I propose a novel method to identify and estimate the macroeconomic effects of forward guidance and large-scale asset purchases (LSAP) for each FOMC announcement. I find that LSAP is more important than forward guidance in influencing output and inflation. LSAP puts upward pressure on short-term yields, so it should always be used in conjunction with forward guidance.

A New Measure of Monetary Policy Shocks

Staff Working Paper 2021-29 Xu Zhang
Combining various high frequency financial data with central bank projections, I construct a new measure of monetary policy shocks not predictable by the public information preceding a central bank’s announcements. I then study the causal effects of monetary policy on the macro economy.

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