Marie-Christine Tremblay was recently appointed Senior Policy Advisor in the International Economic Analysis Department. She is responsible for helping develop strategic positions and analysis on emerging global areas of interest to the Bank. Previously, Ms. Tremblay was the Director of the Climate Analysis Team in the Financial Stability Department. In this capacity, she helped advance the analysis and research on the macroeconomic and financial system impacts of climate change.

Ms. Tremblay has extensive experience in working on an array of global and economic analytical issues. Previously she held management positions at Finance Canada, Environment and Climate Change Canada, and the Treasury Board Secretariat. She was Head of the Climate Change, Biodiversity and Development Division at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), leading and participating in several analytical initiatives, including through collaborations with international partners such as the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the World Bank. More recently, Ms. Tremblay contributed to the advancement of the Financial Stability Board’s (FSB) Climate Vulnerabilities and Data Working Group, serving as co-lead role in the development of the latest phase of the work.

Ms. Tremblay holds a BA in Economics from the University of Ottawa, an MA in Economics from Simon Fraser University, and a PhD in Economics from Laval University.

Staff discussion papers

Climate-Related Flood Risk to Residential Lending Portfolios in Canada

We assess the potential financial risks of current and projected flooding caused by extreme weather events in Canada. We focus on the residential real estate secured lending (RESL) portfolios of Canadian financial institutions (FIs) because RESL portfolios are an important component of FIs’ balance sheets and because the assets used to secure such loans are immobile and susceptible to climate-related extreme weather events.

Understanding the Systemic Implications of Climate Transition Risk: Applying a Framework Using Canadian Financial System Data

Our study aims to gain insight on financial stability and climate transition risk. We develop a methodological framework that captures the direct effects of a stressful climate transition shock as well as the indirect—or systemic—implications of these direct effects. We apply this framework using data from the Canadian financial system.

See More

Staff working papers

An Investigation into the Effects of Border Carbon Adjustments on the Canadian Economy

We examine the economic implications of border carbon adjustments (BCAs) for Canada. We find that, BCAs, in the form of import tariffs, reduce Canada’s carbon leakage and improve its competitiveness when Canada is part of a broad coalition of BCA-implementing countries. Welfare also improves when tariff revenues are transferred to households.
Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff working papers Topic(s): Climate change, International topics, Trade integration JEL Code(s): C, C6, C68, F, F1, H, H2, Q, Q3, Q37, Q5

See More

Technical reports

Assessing Climate-Related Financial Risk: Guide to Implementation of Methods

A pilot project on climate transition scenarios by the Bank of Canada and the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions assessed climate-related credit and market risks. This report describes the project’s methodologies and provides guidance on implementing them.

See More

Bank publications

Financial System Hub articles

January 15, 2024

Mapping out the implications of climate transition risk for the financial system

We develop a new analytical framework to understand the system-wide implications of climate transition risk. When applying this framework to Canadian data, we find that interconnections within the financial sector could amplify the direct effects of climate transition risk on financial entities.
January 15, 2024

Flood risk and residential lending

We present key findings of a recent study that evaluates the credit risk that flooding poses to the residential lending activities of Canadian banks and credit unions. Results show that such risk currently appears modest but could become larger with climate change.

See More

Journal publications


"Multiunit Pay‐Your‐Bid Auction with One‐Dimensional Multiunit Demands" (with Bernard Lebrun), International Economic Review, Wiley Online Library, Vol 44, Issue 3, 2003.