Maxime Leboeuf

Senior Analyst

Maxime Leboeuf is a Senior Analyst in the Financial Markets Department at the Bank of Canada. Maxime also worked in the Advanced Economies Division of the International Department between 2012 and 2015. Primary research interests center on finance, macroeconomic, forecasting and applied econometrics. Maxime holds a Master’s degree in Economics from Queen’s University.

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Senior Analyst
Financial Markets
Market Risks and Vulnerabilities

Bank of Canada
234 Wellington Street
Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G9

Latest

Bridging Canadian Business Lending and Market-Based Risk Measures

Staff Analytical Note 2019-26 Guillaume Ouellet Leblanc, Maxime Leboeuf
Lending to business is central to economic growth because it supports investment by firms. Knowing how market participants view risk in the financial system can give the Bank of Canada information about future growth in business loans. In this note, we look at three market-based risk measures and find that sudden increases in the perception of risk in the Canadian banking system are associated with a weaker outlook for business loans and real gross domestic product.
June 7, 2018

The Bank of Canada’s Financial System Survey

This report presents the details of a new semi-annual survey that will improve the Bank of Canada’s surveillance across the financial system and deepen efforts to engage with financial system participants. The survey collects expert opinions on the risks to and resilience of the Canadian financial system as well as on emerging trends and financial innovations. The report presents an overview of the survey and provides high-level results from the spring 2018 survey.

Is the Excess Bond Premium a Leading Indicator of Canadian Economic Activity?

Staff Analytical Note 2018-4 Maxime Leboeuf, Daniel Hyun
This note investigates whether Canadian corporate spreads and the excess bond premium (EBP) lead Canadian economic activity. Indeed, we find that corporate spreads precede changes in real gross domestic product (GDP) in Canada over the subsequent year. The EBP accounts for most of this property. Further, an unanticipated increase in the Canadian EBP forecasts a deterioration of domestic macroeconomic conditions: a 10-basis-point increase results in a fall in both GDP and consumer price index (CPI) of 0.4 per cent and 0.1 per cent, respectively, over three years.

Can the Canadian International Investment Position Stabilize a Slowing Economy?

Staff Analytical Note 2017-14 Maxime Leboeuf, Chen Fan
In this note, we find that valuation effects can act as an important stabilizer, strengthening Canada’s net external wealth when its economic outlook worsens relative to that of other countries.
June 8, 2017

Canada’s International Investment Position: Benefits and Potential Vulnerabilities

While greater global financial integration is beneficial, the authors discuss how foreign capital inflows can also facilitate the buildup of domestic vulnerabilities and potentially lead to destabilizing reversals. Canada’s current international investment position is typical of advanced economies and will likely continue to act as an economic stabilizer. However, the growth and composition of Canada’s international investment position warrant continued monitoring.

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Education

  • M.A. in Economics (2012), Queen's University
  • B.A in Economics (2011), University of Alberta

Research Interests

  • International Economics/finance
  • International Real Estate/Banking
  • Macroeconomics
  • Time Series

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