Isabelle Salle is a Senior Economist in the Market Risks and Vulnerabilities Division of the Bank of Canada. Her research consists in developing models of the economy that incorporate heterogeneity and bounded rationality in the agents' behaviors and expectation formation process. She has been using lab experiments to gain empirical insights on those behaviors. The resulting models include agent-based models and learning models with heterogeneous and interacting agents. She has also used those models for the analysis of macroeconomic questions, in particular monetary and fiscal policy design, central bank communication, and prudential policy and financial regulation.

Show all

Staff Working Papers

Social Learning and Monetary Policy at the Effective Lower Bound

This research develops a model in which the economy is directly influenced by how pessimistic or optimistic economic agents are about the future. The agents may hold different views and update them as new economic data become available.

Are Long-Horizon Expectations (De-)Stabilizing? Theory and Experiments

Staff Working Paper 2019-27 George Evans, Cars Hommes, Isabelle Salle, Bruce McGough
Most models in finance assume that agents make trading plans over the infinite future. We consider instead that they are boundedly rational and may only form forecasts over a limited horizon.

See More

Journal Publications

Refereed journals

  • HOMMES Cars, MASSARO Domenico & SALLE Isabelle, Monetary and Fiscal Policy Design at the Zero Lower Bound ? Evidence from the lab, Economic Inquiry, Vol. 57, No. 2, April 2019, 1120-1140.
  • SALLE Isabelle & SEPPECHER, Pascal, Stabilizing an Unstable Complex Economy ? On the limitations of simple rules, 2018, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 91, 289-317.
  • SEPPECHER, Pascal, SALLE, Isabelle and LAVOIE, Marc, What drives markups? Evolutionary pricing in an agent-based stock-ow consistent macroeconomic model, forthcoming in Industrial and Corporate Change.
  • SALLE Isabelle, SEPPECHER, Pascal and LANG, Dany, Is the market really a good teacher? Market selection, collective adaptation and _nancial instability, forthcoming in Journal of Evolutionary Economics. Must-Read on Brad DeLong's blog:
  • SALLE Isabelle, SENEGAS, Marc-Alexandre, YILDIZOGLU, Murat, How transparent should a Central Bank be ? an ABM assessment", 2017, forthcoming in the Journal of Evolutionary Economics.
  • SALLE Isabelle, YILDIZOGLU Murat, ZUMPE Martin & SENEGAS, Marc-Alexandre, Coordination through social learning in a general equilibrium model, 2017, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Volume 141, 2017, Pages 64-82.
  • SALLE Isabelle & SEPPECHER Pascal, Social learning about consumption, Macroeconomic Dynamics, 2016, Vol. 20, No. 16, pp. 1795-1825.
  • SALLE Isabelle, Modeling expectations in agent-based models { An application to central bank's communication and monetary policy, Economic Modelling, 2015, Vol. 46, pp. 130-141.
  • SEPPECHER Pascal & SALLE Isabelle, Deleveraging crises and deep recessions { a behavioural approach, Applied Economics, 2015, Vol. 47 (34-35), pp. 3771-3790.
  • SALLE Isabelle & YILDIZOGLU, Murat, E_cient Sampling and Metamodeling in Computational Economic Models, Computational Economics, 2014, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 507-536.
  • YILDIZOGLU Murat, SENEGAS Marc-Alexandre, SALLE Isabelle, ZUMPE Martin, Learning the optimal bu_er-stock consumption rule of Carroll, Macroeconomic Dynamics, 2014, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp.727-752.
  • SALLE, Isabelle, Ciblage de l'ination, Transparence et Anticipations {une revue de la litt_erature r_ecente, Revue d'Economie Politique, 2013, Vol. 123, No. 5, pp. 697-736.
  • SALLE Isabelle, YILDIZOGLU, Murat, SENEGAS, Marc-Alexandre, "Ination Targeting in a Learning Economy: an ABM Perspective", Economic Modelling, 2013, 34, pp.114-128.