Gitanjali Kumar is the Director of the Cross-Market Analysis team in the Financial Markets Department. In this role, she is responsible for providing analysis and advice from a financial markets perspective to support the setting of monetary policy at the Bank. Previously, she was Director of the Global Issues Division in the International Economic Analysis Department, where she was responsible for facilitating the Bank’s participation in international policy fora such as the G7, G20 and IMF meetings. Ms. Kumar has also served as the Associate Coordinator of the Bank’s Financial System Review.

Staff working papers

High-Frequency Real Economic Activity Indicator for Canada

Staff Working Paper 2013-42 Gitanjali Kumar
I construct a weekly measure of real economic activity in Canada. Based on the work of Aruoba et al. (2009), the indicator is extracted as an unobserved component underlying the co-movement of four monthly observed real macroeconomic variables - employment, manufacturing sales, retail sales and GDP.

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Bank publications

Financial System Review articles

December 15, 2016

Monitoring Shadow Banking in Canada: A Hybrid Approach

In Monitoring Shadow Banking in Canada: A Hybrid Approach, Bo Young Chang, Michael Januska, Gitanjali Kumar and André Usche discuss how lending that occurs outside the traditional banking system provides benefits to the economy but must be monitored carefully for potential financial sector vulnerabilities. They describe how the Bank defines and measures shadow banking and how it assesses vulnerabilities in the sector, using an approach that examines both markets and entities.

June 11, 2015

Assessing Vulnerabilities in the Canadian Financial System

The authors present the four common cyclical vulnerabilities that appear in financial systems, providing examples of qualitative and quantitative indicators used to monitor these vulnerabilities across different sectors. They also discuss other inputs to the vulnerability assessment and to the internal process used at the Bank of Canada for identifying, evaluating and communicating vulnerabilities and risks, and highlight some of the key challenges in assessing financial system vulnerabilities and risks.
Content Type(s): Publications, Financial System Review articles Topic(s): Financial stability JEL Code(s): G, G0, G01, G1, G10, G2, G20

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Journal publications

Journal articles