David Longworth

Former Deputy Governor (2003 – 2010)

Bio

David Longworth served as a Deputy Governor of the Bank of Canada from April 2003 until his retirement from the Bank in March 2010. As a member of the Bank’s Governing Council, he shared responsibility for decisions with respect to monetary policy and financial system stability, and for setting the strategic direction of the Bank.

Mr. Longworth joined the Bank of Canada in 1974 in the Special Studies Division of the Research Department. In 1984, he was appointed Assistant Chief of the Special Studies and Balance of Payments divisions in the International Department and was named Deputy Chief of the department the following year. In 1987, Mr. Longworth moved to the Department of Monetary and Financial Analysis to become Research Adviser and later, Chief. He was appointed Chief of the Research Department in 1996 and Adviser to the Governor in 2000.

Born in Edmonton, Alberta, Mr. Longworth received a bachelor of science degree in mathematical statistics in 1973 and a master’s degree in economics in 1974, both from the University of Alberta. He also studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he graduated with a PhD in economics in 1979.


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Speeches

March 12, 2009

Financial System Policy Responses to the Crisis

Remarks David Longworth Financial Markets Association of Canada Toronto, Ontario
With your professional interests in foreign exchange, money markets, capital markets, and derivatives, I'm sure the past year and a half has been exciting and interesting – if those are the right words. We've been living through a period of astonishing financial turbulence, historic marketplace losses, and serious threats to financial stability.
April 10, 2008

Credit Markets, Financial Stability, and Monetary Policy

Remarks David Longworth Global Investment Conference Lake Louise, Alberta
Today, I'd like to discuss some of the crucial issues that we have been dealing with during this period. I'll begin with a brief overview of some key events that have led to the turbulence that continues to upset financial markets and that greatly contributed to the remarkably wide credit spreads that we now witness.
November 8, 2006

The Canadian Economy and Financial Markets in Perspective

Remarks David Longworth World Hedge Funds Summit Vaughan, Ontario
The hedge fund industry has been growing so quickly that meetings like this one are welcome—they provide a chance to step back and look at context and trends. And that's what I propose to do this morning. Specifically, I'd like to speak about volatility in both the real economy and in financial markets and discuss how it has been affected by monetary policy and financial innovation.
May 5, 2006

The Crucial Contribution of the Financial System and Monetary Policy to Economic Development

Remarks David Longworth Conference of the Association des économistes québécois Montréal, Quebec
Many analysts have examined the relationship between the financial system and economic development. They have uncovered some interesting facts regarding the characteristics of the financial system - characteristics that contribute to the best possible allocation of savings to productive investments, which are themselves engines of economic growth.

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Staff Working Papers

The Canadian Experience with Weighted Monetary Aggregates

Staff Working Paper 1995-10 David Longworth, Joseph Atta-Mensah
This paper compares the empirical performance of Canadian weighted monetary aggregates (in particular, Fisher ideal aggregates) with the current summation aggregates, for their information content and forecasting performance in terms of prices, real output and nominal spending for the period 1971Q1 to 1989Q3. The properties of money-demand equations for these aggregates, particularly their temporal stability, […]

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Technical Reports

International Capital Mobility and Asset Substitutability: Some Theory and Evidence on Recent Structural Changes

This study examines different aspects of the international integration of capital markets. In particular, it attempts to determine whether the changes in controls and regulatory policies that have occurred in the past decade have been associated with a greater degree of market integration.

A Comparison of Alternative Monetary Policy Regimes in a Small Dynamic Open-Economy Simulation Model

Technical Report No. 42 David Longworth, Stephen S. Poloz
In this paper, the simulation properties of a small, dynamic, open-economy IS-LM-Aggregate Supply model are examined under a variety of alternative policy rule assumptions. These assumptions include rigid money stock, exchange rate and nominal income targets, as well as less rigid policy rules that recognize information limitations. The model that is used consists of four […]
Content Type(s): Staff research, Technical reports Topic(s): Economic models, Monetary policy framework JEL Code(s): E, E5, E52

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Bank Publications

Bank of Canada Review articles

May 22, 2003

Inflation Targeting and Medium-Term Planning: Some Simple Rules of Thumb

Inflation targeting, a stable macroeconomic environment, and an average growth rate for potential output that is not expected to vary much in the next several years all help households, businesses, and governments in their medium-term economic and financial planning. Several simple rules of thumb can be usefully employed in this planning. Specifically, inflation targeting has maintained most major measures of inflation quite close to the target midpoint on average over a number of years. Combined with a clear fiscal framework, this has contributed to a more stable macroeconomic environment in which output varies less around its potential level. Potential output growth is expected to average around 3 per cent over the next several years. In light of these factors and historical relationships, labour income, profits, and consumer spending will likely grow, on average, by about 5 per cent over the medium term. Real and nominal long-term interest rates should also continue to be stable, with real 30-year yields varying around 3.5 or 4.0 per cent, and nominal yields varying around 5.5 or 6.0 per cent.
August 21, 2002

Monetary Policy and Uncertainty

Central banks must cope with considerable uncertainty about what will happen in the economy when formulating monetary policy. This article describes the different types of uncertainty that arise and looks at examples of uncertainty that the Bank has recently encountered. It then reviews the strategies employed by the Bank to deal with this problem. The other articles in this special issue focus on three of these major strategies.
May 21, 2002

Inflation and the Macroeconomy: Changes from the 1980s to the 1990s

Over the last 10 years, the level of inflation has been much lower than in the previous two decades. At the same time, the behaviour of inflation has changed profoundly. By surveying the data and the economic research, the author first examines changes in the variability, growth rates, and behaviour of some of the major macroeconomic variables during the 1980s and 1990s. He then looks at how these changes are linked to a shift in the approach of monetary policy over the period. Lastly, he reviews the economic benefits that these changes have had for Canada.

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