2020 by the numbers

The COVID‑19 pandemic represented the most serious global health and economic crisis in over a century. In the face of extremely challenging personal and professional circumstances, Bank of Canada employees remained dedicated to ensuring that the institution could continue serving Canadians.


Canada’s real gross domestic product growth as estimated at December 31, 2020


Consumer price index inflation


Policy interest rate at year-end


US cents—Exchange rate for $Can1 as at December 31, 2020


billion—Nominal value of marketable bonds issued in 2020


billion—Nominal value of Government of Canada bonds purchased under its Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program


Number of iconic Canadians short-listed for selection as the portrait subject for the next $5 bank note


thousand—Total staff donations to the Bank of Canada workplace charitable campaign—a record for the Bank