Paul Beaudry

Paul Beaudry

Former Deputy Governor (2019 – 2023)


Paul Beaudry served as Deputy Governor from February 2019 until his retirement from the Bank of Canada in July 2023.

As a member of the Bank’s Governing Council, he shared responsibility for decisions regarding monetary policy, the stability of the financial system and the strategic direction of the Bank. Mr. Beaudry also oversaw the Bank’s analysis of international economic developments and served as the Bank’s G7 and G20 Deputy.

Before joining the Bank as Deputy Governor, Mr. Beaudry was a professor at the University of British Columbia’s Vancouver School of Economics. He began his academic career in 1989 as an assistant professor at the Université de Montréal. From 1990 to 1994, he was an assistant professor at Boston University. Mr. Beaudry has been a visiting professor at the European University Institute, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Nuffield College at Oxford University, Sorbonne (Paris I) and the University of Toulouse. From 2009 to 2010, he was the Chair in Economics at All Souls College at Oxford University.

Mr. Beaudry is also a two-time winner of the Bank’s Research Fellowship Award. He was awarded the Canada Research Chair in Macroeconomics (2000–15) and was the 2008 recipient of the John Rae Prize from the Canadian Economics Association. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Born in Montréal, Quebec, Mr. Beaudry received a bachelor’s degree in economics from Laval University, a master’s degree in economics from the University of British Columbia and a PhD in economics from Princeton University.


June 8, 2023

Economic progress report: Are we entering a new era of higher interest rates?

Remarks Paul Beaudry Greater Victoria Chamber of Commerce Victoria, British Columbia
Deputy Governor Paul Beaudry discusses the latest interest rate decision and suggests reasons why longer-term interest rates could remain higher than they were before the pandemic.
September 20, 2022

Macroeconomics of the 2020s: What we’ve learned, and what’s to come

Remarks Paul Beaudry University of Waterloo Faculty of Arts Distinguished Lecture in Economics Waterloo, Ontario
Deputy Governor Paul Beaudry discusses the macroeconomic lessons we’ve learned during the COVID-19 pandemic, and what lies ahead to bring inflation back to target.
June 2, 2022

Economic progress report: Navigating a high inflation environment

Remarks (delivered virtually) Paul Beaudry Gatineau Chamber of Commerce Gatineau, Quebec
Bank of Canada Deputy Governor Paul Beaudry talks about the Bank’s latest interest rate announcement and the importance of keeping inflation expectations well anchored to prevent high inflation from becoming entrenched.
November 23, 2021

Financial stability through the pandemic and beyond

Remarks (delivered virtually) Paul Beaudry OSC Dialogue, Ontario Securities Commission Toronto, Ontario
Deputy Governor Paul Beaudry provides an update on financial vulnerabilities and risks in Canada, including those stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic.
December 10, 2020

Our quantitative easing operations: Looking under the hood

Remarks (delivered virtually) Paul Beaudry Greater Moncton Chamber of Commerce, the Fredericton Chamber of Commerce, and the Saint John Region Chamber of Commerce Fredericton, New Brunswick, Moncton, New Brunswick, Saint John, New Brunswick
Deputy Governor Paul Beaudry talks about the Bank’s latest interest rate announcement and discusses how quantitative easing supports economic recovery and the 2% inflation target.

See More

Staff working papers

Gazing at r-star: A Hysteresis Perspective

Staff Working Paper 2023-5 Paul Beaudry, Katya Kartashova, Césaire Meh
Many explanations for the decline in real interest rates over the last 30 years point to the role that population aging or rising income inequality plays in increasing the long-run aggregate demand for assets. Notwithstanding the importance of such factors, the starting point of this paper is to show that the major change driving household asset demand over this period is instead an increased desire—for a given age and income level—to hold assets.

The Central Bank’s Dilemma: Look Through Supply Shocks or Control Inflation Expectations?

Staff Working Paper 2022-41 Paul Beaudry, Thomas J. Carter, Amartya Lahiri
When countries are hit by supply shocks, central banks often face the dilemma of either looking through such shocks or reacting to them to ensure that inflation expectations remain anchored. In this paper, we propose a tractable framework to capture this dilemma and then explore optimal policy under a range of assumptions about how expectations are formed.

Monetary Policy, Trends in Real Interest Rates and Depressed Demand

Staff Working Paper 2021-27 Paul Beaudry, Césaire Meh
Over the last few decades, real interest rates have trended downward. The most common explanation is that this reflects depressed demand due to demographic, technological and other real factors. We explore the claim that these trends may have been amplified by certain features of monetary policy.

See More

Bank publications

The Economy, Plain and Simple

August 25, 2020

Our COVID-19 response: Large-scale asset purchases

The Bank of Canada has taken many actions to support Canadians since the COVID-19 pandemic struck. These include large-scale asset purchases—buying a substantial amount of government bonds and other financial assets. Our purchases serve two purposes. They help key financial markets work properly, and they can help increase spending in the economy. This leads to more employment and stronger economic growth.

See More