Ingrid Lo


Staff working papers

High-Frequency Trading around Macroeconomic News Announcements: Evidence from the U.S. Treasury Market

Staff Working Paper 2014-56 George Jiang, Ingrid Lo, Giorgio Valente
This paper investigates high-frequency (HF) market and limit orders in the U.S. Treasury market around major macroeconomic news announcements. BrokerTec introduced i- Cross at the end of 2007 and we use this exogenous event as an instrument to analyze the impact of HF activities on liquidity and price efficiency.
Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff working papers Topic(s): Financial markets JEL Code(s): G, G1, G10, G12, G14

Belief Dispersion and Order Submission Strategies in the Foreign Exchange Market

Staff Working Paper 2011-8 Ingrid Lo, Stephen Sapp
This paper empirically examines how dispersions across investors beliefs influence traders order submission decisions in the foreign exchange market. Previous research has found that dispersion in traders beliefs regarding future macroeconomic announcements has a significant impact on both price dynamics and trading volume before the announcements in the foreign exchange and other financial markets.

Private Information Flow and Price Discovery in the U.S. Treasury Market

Staff Working Paper 2011-5 George Jiang, Ingrid Lo
Existing studies show that U.S. Treasury bond price changes are mainly driven by public information shocks, as manifested in macroeconomic news announcements and events. The literature also shows that heterogeneous private information contributes significantly to price discovery for U.S. Treasury securities.

Price Formation and Liquidity Provision in Short-Term Fixed Income Markets

Staff Working Paper 2007-27 Chris D'Souza, Ingrid Lo, Stephen Sapp
Differences in market structures may affect the manner in which fundamental information is incorporated into prices. High levels of quote and trade transparency plus substantial quoting obligations in European government securities markets ensure that prices are informationally efficient.

Order Aggressiveness and Quantity: How Are They Determined in a Limit Order Market?

Staff Working Paper 2007-23 Ingrid Lo, Stephen Sapp
Dealers trading in a limit order market must choose both the order aggressiveness and the quantity for their orders. We empirically investigate how dealers jointly make these decisions in the foreign exchange market using a unique simultaneous equations model.
Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff working papers Topic(s): Exchange rates, Financial markets JEL Code(s): G, G1, G14

An Evaluation of MLE in a Model of the Nonlinear Continuous-Time Short-Term Interest Rate

Staff Working Paper 2005-45 Ingrid Lo
The author compares the performance of three Gaussian approximation methods - by Nowman (1997), Shoji and Ozaki (1998), and Yu and Phillips (2001) - in estimating a model of the nonlinear continuous-time short-term interest rate.

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Journal publications

Other Publications

  • “Information Shocks, Liquidity Shocks, Jumps, and Price Discovery: Evidence from the U.S. Treasury Market.”
    (with G. J. Jiang, and A. Verdelhan) Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 46 (2): 527–51, 2011.