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Government of Canada direct securities and loans: Holdings of general public classified by remaining term to maturity (formerly G7)

View or download the latest monthly data. For metadata and background information, see the notes.

Monthly data typically published by the third business day of the month.

Monthly series

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Month-end, Millions of dollars (par value)CANSIM2023‑122024‑012024‑022024‑032024‑04
Unmatured direct securities (excluding retail debt and perpetuals)
Treasury billsV37355249,200249,200257,600267,400276,400
Canada Bills issued in U.S. dollars1 V37323_G74,5732,5572,1202,1722,875
Bonds and notes
3 years and underV37356305,868311,313303,682325,483317,548
3-5 yearsV3735784,04284,12084,17196,354100,573
5-10 yearsV37358232,954237,954242,954224,954229,954
10 years and overV37359147,666152,666160,166162,666169,666
Inflation adjustmentV4214166220,11220,19419,99619,98920,190
Total (inflation adjusted)V421416611,044,4151,058,0041,070,6891,099,0181,117,206
Average term to maturity (months)V373617675767575
Non-marketable securities
Retail debt1 V37295_G7471471471471471
Matured and outstanding market issuesV37294109999
Total securities and loans outstandingV373361,024,3121,037,8191,050,7011,079,0371,097,025
Total securities loans outstanding (inflation adjusted)V421416701,044,4251,058,0131,070,6971,099,0261,117,215


Source: Bank of Canada

From 31 December 1971 to 31 December 2002, issues payable in foreign currencies have been converted into Canadian dollars at the closing spot rate as at the last business day of the calendar quarter. However, effective May 2005, they are calculated using the daily closing rates. As such, the data has been revised back to January 2003 to reflect this new methodology.

Holdings are shown at par value where available, in other cases at book value.

Effective 5 November 1986, there was an accounting change in the treatment of Canada Savings Bonds sold on the Payroll Savings Plan to non-federal government employees. These bonds are now gradually included in outstandings as payroll deductions are remitted over the contract period. Previously, the total amount of payroll sales was included in outstandings in November. The total amount of Canada Savings Bonds being purchased on the payroll plan by federal government employees is included in outstandings in November.

Total securities and loans outstanding include a small amount of matured securities outstanding.

Prior to 1975, general public holdings of bonds 3 years and under, 3 to 5 years, 5 to 10 years, and 10 years and over exclude chartered banks.

Effective 5 February 1997, data on Canada Savings Bonds outstanding have been combined with data on Canada RRSP Bonds outstanding under the heading Canada Savings Bonds and other retail instruments. Separate series for Canada Savings Bonds and Canada RRSP Bonds are available on the CANSIM database.

Effective May 2005, Canada Savings Bonds and other retail instruments now include Canada Investment Bonds (CIBs). As a result of this new inclusion, the data has been revised back to January 2003.

Effective September 1997, two new components, Canada Notes and Euro Medium-Term Notes (dating March 1996 and July 1997, respectively) were included with existing bond series.

Effective September 2017, U.S.-pay Canada bills is renamed Canada Bills issued in U.S. dollars.

Effective September 2017, Canada Savings Bonds and other retail instruments is renamed Retail debt.

  1. 1. The alphanumeric code following CANSIM vector numbers is for internal use only. To retrieve data from the CANSIM repository, use the vector number only.[]