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1954 series

Size: 152.4 x 69.85 mm (6.0 x 2.75 inches)

Design changes to this third series of Bank of Canada notes included moving the portrait off centre and to the right, simplifying the line work, and integrating Canada’s coat of arms into the background design.

Raised ink (intaglio), which could easily be felt, was used extensively on both sides of the notes in this series. Black ink was used for the text, portrait and border designs on the front; a different colour (a unique one for each denomination) was used for the landscapes and border designs on the back.

The term “Devil's Head” is commonly used to describe this series. The notes caused quite a controversy because, in the engraving of the portrait, an area of the Queen's hair gave the illusion of a grinning devil. Modifications to the printing plates for all denominations were made in 1956 to exorcise the demon!