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Bank Lending, Credit Shocks, and the Transmission of Canadian Monetary Policy

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The authors use a dynamic general-equilibrium model to study the role financial frictions play as a transmission mechanism of Canadian monetary policy, and to evaluate the real effects of exogenous credit shocks. Financial frictions, which are modelled as spreads between deposit and loan interest rates, are assumed to depend on economic activity as well as on credit shocks. A general finding is that almost all of the real response to a monetary policy shock comes from the price rigidity and not the credit frictions. Credit shocks, however, do have substantial real effects on macroeconomic variables. Thus, in this model, imperfections in credit markets are responsible only for a small amplification and propagation of the real effects of monetary policy shocks.

Published In:

International Review of Economics and Finance (1059-0560)
2008. Vol. 17, Iss. 1, pp. 159-76