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Nominal Rigidities and Monetary Policy in Canada Since 1981

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This paper develops and estimates a dynamic, stochastic, general-equilibrium model with price and wage stickiness to analyze monetary policy in Canada. A monetary policy rule allows the Bank of Canada to systematically influence the short-term nominal interest rate and money growth in response to inflation and output deviations. The structural parameters of the model are estimated econometrically using a maximum-likelihood procedure with a Kalman filter. The estimates reveal that either price or wage rigidities are key nominal frictions that generate real monetary effects. Furthermore, the simulation results show that the Bank has, since 1981, increased the short-term nominal interest rate in response to exogenous positive demand-side disturbances, and used modest but persistent reductions to accommodate positive technology shocks.

Also published as:

Nominal rigidities and monetary policy in Canada
Journal of Macroeconomics (0164-0704)
June 2006. Vol. 28, Iss. 2, pp. 303-325

JEL Code(s): E, E3, E31, E32, E5, E52