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  • Exchange Rates and Oil Prices

    Staff Working Paper 1995-8 Robert Amano, Simon van Norden
    This paper derives analytical gradients for a broad class of regime-switching models with Markovian state-transition probabilities. Such models are usually estimated by maximum likelihood methods, which require the derivatives of the likelihood function with respect to the parameter vector. These gradients are usually calculated by means of numerical techniques. The paper shows that analytical gradients […]
    Content Type(s): Staff research, Staff working papers Topic(s): Exchange rates
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