Michael K. Johnston

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ToTEM II: An Updated Version of the Bank of Canada’s Quarterly Projection Model

This report provides a detailed technical description of an updated version of the Terms-of-Trade Economic Model (ToTEM II), which replaced ToTEM (Murchison and Rennison 2006) in June 2011 as the Bank of Canada’s quarterly projection model for Canada.
Content Type(s): Technical Reports Topic(s): Business fluctuations and cycles, Economic models JEL Code(s): E, E1, E17, E2, E20, E3, E30, E4, E40, E5, E50, F, F4, F41

Real and Nominal Frictions within the Firm: How Lumpy Investment Matters for Price Adjustment

Staff Working Paper 2009-36 Michael K. Johnston
Real rigidities are an important feature of modern sticky price models and are policy-relevant because of their welfare consequences, but cannot be structurally identified from time series. I evaluate the plausibility of capital specificity as a source of real rigidities using a two-dimensional generalized (s,S) model calibrated to micro evidence.
Content Type(s): Staff Research, Staff Working Papers Topic(s): Transmission of monetary policy JEL Code(s): E, E1, E12, E2, E22, E3, E31

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