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Toward 2021: Outreach

To seek input on the monetary policy framework, the Bank consulted thousands of Canadians and hosted and attended conferences.


To ensure a diversity of views were considered in the renewal process, we consulted broadly with Canadians.

2017: Launch of Toward 2021

Less than a year after the 2016 agreement, the Bank hosted a workshop to discuss issues related to monetary policy frameworks with stakeholders. This discussion laid the groundwork for the 2021 renewal.

2018: Define research plan and focus

Since 1991, the Bank’s monetary policy framework has focused on targeting low and stable inflation, in the context of a flexible exchange rate. Every five years, we identify a series of research questions to inform our recommendation on the renewal of the monetary policy framework. For the 2021 renewal, we assessed alternative frameworks, the Bank’s supporting policy tool kit and the interaction of monetary policy with other public policies.

2019: Stakeholder outreach

We engaged with a broad spectrum of stakeholder groups in 2019. We held round-table discussions with business and industry associations and heard from the academic community and other central banks through conferences and workshops. We met with a dozen civil society groups in a series of meetings over the summer and fall. The Bank also conducted national focus groups in November and December.

These activities allowed us to hear directly from Canadians about the impact of the Bank’s policy framework on their daily lives and what economic issues are most important to them.

2020–21: Round-table discussions and public consultation

These consultations provided the public with an opportunity to share its views on the economy and monetary policy with the Bank. More than 8,500 Canadians from coast to coast participated in an online survey. We also engaged with over 200 Canadians to gain more insights into the understandability and relatability of alternative frameworks under consideration.

2021: Summary report on consultations

The input gathered from stakeholders and the public was summarized in a report for the Bank’s Governing Council as they deliberated on their recommendation to the federal government.

2021: Renewal agreement finalized

The Bank’s consultations and research led to a recommendation to the Minister of Finance. In December 2021, the Government of Canada and the Bank of Canada formalized an agreement on the framework that will serve as the guide for monetary policy until 2026.


Conferences and workshops provided the Bank with the opportunity to exchange views and explore issues related to monetary policy frameworks with experts from across Canada and around the world.

Towards the 2021 Renewal of the Bank of Canada’s Monetary Policy Framework

As part of the 2021 renewal of the Bank of Canada’s inflation-control agreement with the Government of Canada, Bank staff are currently comparing several monetary policy frameworks. The primary goal of this day-long workshop is to share—and receive comments on—these comparisons.

Monetary Policy Framework Issues: Toward the 2021 Inflation-Target Renewal

Workshop webcast live on September 14, 2017, held at the Bank of Canada, to explore the role and objectives of monetary policy, monetary policy tools, transparency and communications, and lessons learned from other central banks.

Sessions of the Bank of Canada Annual Economic Conference - Webcast

David Romer (University of California, Berkeley) delivers the John Kuszczak Memorial Lecture, followed by a panel discussion on the merits of inflation targeting and its alternatives.

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