Walter Steingress

Senior Economist

Walter Steingress is a Senior Economist in the International Studies Division of the International Department. His primary interests lie within the field of international macroeconomics. Walter’s other research interests include migration and international trade. Before joining the Bank of Canada, Walter held an appointment at the Bank of France. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Montreal and holds a master’s degree from Boston University.


Walter Steingress

Senior Economist
International Economic Analysis
International Studies Division

Bank of Canada
234 Wellington Street
Ottawa, ON, K1A 0G9

Curriculum vitae


Product Sophistication and the Slowdown in Chinese Export Growth

Staff Discussion Paper 2017-15 Mark Kruger, Walter Steingress, Sri Thanabalasingam
Chinese real export growth decelerated considerably during the last decade. This paper argues that the slowdown largely resulted from China moving to a more sophisticated mix of exports: China produced more sophisticated goods over which it had pricing power instead of producing greater volumes of less sophisticated products.

The Causal Impact of Migration on US Trade: Evidence from Political Refugees

Staff Working Paper 2017-49 Walter Steingress
Immigrants can increase international trade by shifting preferences towards the goods of their country of origin and by reducing bilateral transaction costs. Using geographical variation across U.S. states for the period 2008 to 2013, I estimate the respective causal impact of immigrants on U.S. exports and imports.

Global Trade Flows: Revisiting the Exchange Rate Elasticities

This paper contributes to the debate on the magnitude of exchange rate elasticities by providing a set of price and quantity elasticities for 51 advanced and emerging-market economies. Specifically, for each of these countries we report the elasticity of trade prices and trade quantities on both the export and on the import sides, as well as the reaction of the trade balance.

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Refereed Journal

  • "Understanding the weakness in global: What is the new normal?"
    (with IRC Task Force members), ECB Occasional Paper Series, Nr. 178, September 2016.
  • "Financial constraints in China: Firm-level evidence"
    (with Sandra Poncet & Hylke Vandenbussche), China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 411-422, September 2010.



  • Ph.D. in Economics, University of Montreal (2014)

Research Interests

  • International economics
  • International trade
  • Migration


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