Sarah Miller is a Senior Economist in the Regional Analysis Division in the Canadian Economics Analysis Department. Based at the Atlantic Regional Office, she conducts research, contributes to the quarterly Business Outlook Survey and analyses economic developments in Atlantic Canada. Her primary research interests include labour markets, migration and business surveys.
Born in Prince Edward Island, Sarah holds a Ph.D. in economics from Dalhousie University. She is the president of the Atlantic Association of Applied Economists (AAAE).
Since 1997, the Bank of Canada’s regional offices have been conducting the Business Outlook Survey (BOS), a quarterly survey of business conditions. Survey responses are gathered through face-to-face, confidential consultations with a sample of private sector firms representative of the various sectors, firm sizes and regions across Canada.
Understanding the factors that determine the migration of labour between regions is crucial for assessing the economy’s response to macroeconomic shocks and identifying policies that will encourage an efficient reallocation of labour. By examining the determinants of migration within Canada from 1991 to 2006, this article provides evidence that regional differences in employment rates and household incomes tend to increase labour migration, and that provincial borders and language differences are barriers to migration.